General overview of the Bangladesh economy
In Bangladesh, there are many problems like, poor infrastructure, political instability, corruption,and insufficient power supplies etc, but the Bangladesh economy has grown 5-6% per year since 1996. However, Bangladesh still remains a poor, overpopulated, and inefficiently-governed nation with about 45% of the Bangladeshis being employed in the agriculture sector.
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|Population||156,050,883 (July 2010 estimate)||307,212,123 (July 2010 estimate)|
|Languages||Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), English||English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7% (2000 census)|
|Religions||Muslim 89.5%, Hindu 9.6%, other 0.9% (2004)||Christian 78.5% (Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%), Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4% (2007 est.)|
Definition: Age 15 and over can read and write.
|Percentage of population using improved drinking water sources||Urban: 85%|
|Percentage of population using adequate sanitation facilities||Urban: 48%|
|Climate||Tropical; mild winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); humid, warm rainy monsoon (June to October)||Mostly temperate, but tropical in Hawaii and Florida, arctic in Alaska, semiarid in the Great Plains west of the Mississippi River and arid in the Great Basin of the southwest; low winter temperatures in the northwest are warmed occasionally in January and February by chinook winds from the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains.|
|Percentage of population urbanized||27% (2008 estimate)||82% (2008 estimate)|
|Life expectancy||Male: 57.57 years|
Female: 63.03 years
|Male: 75.65 years|
Female: 80.69 years
|Under-5 mortality rate||54/1,000 (2008 estimate)||8/1,000 (2008 estimate)|
|GDP per capita||$1,500 (2009 estimate)||$46,000 (2009 estimate)|
|Monetary unit||taka (BDT)||U.S. dollar (USD)|
|Number of people living with HIV/AIDS||12,000 (2007 estimate)||1.2 million (2007 estimate)|
|Percentage of population living below $1.25 a day||50% (1992-2007 study)||Data not available|
Sources for facts: The World Factbook, 2010; The State of the World’s Children, 2009