Poverty in India is widespread, with the nation estimated to have a third of the world’s poor. In 2010, the World Bank reported that 32.7% of the total Indian people fall below the international poverty line of US$ 1.25 per day (PPP) while 68.7% live on less than US$ 2 per day.
Even more than 50 years after independence from almost two centuries of British rule, large scale poverty remains the most shameful blot on the face of India. Of its nearly 1 billion inhabitants, an estimated 350-400 million are below the poverty line, 75 per cent of them in the rural areas.
More than 40 per cent of the population is illiterate, with women, tribal and scheduled castes particularly affected.
GMFC has 2 mission fields in India.
|Capital||New Dehli||Washington, D.C.|
|Population||1,156,897,766 (July 2010 estimate)||307,212,123 (July 2010 estimate)|
|Languages||English enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the national language and primary tongue of 41% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language (2001 census)||English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7% (2000 census)|
|Religions||Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census)||Christian 78.5% (Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%), Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4% (2007 est.)|
Definition: Age 15 and over can read and write.
|Percentage of population using improved drinking water sources||Urban: 96%|
|Percentage of population using adequate sanitation facilities||Urban: 52%|
|Climate||Varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north.||Mostly temperate, but tropical in Hawaii and Florida, arctic in Alaska, semiarid in the Great Plains west of the Mississippi River and arid in the Great Basin of the southwest; low winter temperatures in the northwest are warmed occasionally in January and February by Chinook winds from the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains.|
|Percentage of population urbanized||29% (2008 estimate)||82% (2008 estimate)|
|Life expectancy||Male: 65.13 years|
Female: 67.17 years
|Male: 75.65 years|
Female: 80.69 years
|Under-5 mortality rate||69/1,000 (2008 estimate)||8/1,000 (2008 estimate)|
|GDP per capita||$3,100 (2009 estimate)||$46,000 (2009 estimate)|
|Monetary unit||Indian rupee (INR)||U.S. dollar (USD)|
|Number of people living with HIV/AIDS||2.4 million (2007 estimate)||1.2 million (2007 estimate)|
|Percentage of population living below $1.25 a day||42% (1992-2007 study)||Data not available|
Sources for facts: The World Factbook, 2010; The State of the World’s Children, 2009